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Sorabji (PC3:16) – senso comum

quarta-feira 9 de fevereiro de 2022

      

There is a third issue, also connected with the dependence of perception on reason. How are we aware of our own mental   activities? Discussing awareness   of our own perceptions, Aristotle   says that this is effected by a perceptual faculty, the so-called ‘common sense’. But Proclus   objects that, besides perception, we also have, and are aware of, reason and different kinds of desire. Surely awareness of all these diverse activities must be assigned to something higher than the common sense. ‘Simplicius  ’ in DA comes to Aristotle’s aid. The common sense can indeed be aware of this great diversity of activities, he says, if we once recognise that human common sense is permeated by reason. This answer is perfectly congenial to the Platonist tradition  , which, starting from Plato  ’s Theaetetus  , regards perception as dependent on reason. But to Aristotle this defence of his reference to the common sense would be anathema. As the great biological taxonomist, he wanted to show that perception was independent of reason and could be used to mark off the animal   kingdom. Aristotle loses again in this harmonisation. [SorabjiPC3  :16]