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pistis

domingo 17 de outubro de 2021

gr. πίστις, pístis: 1) fé, crença (estado subjetivo); 2) algo que inspira crença, prova. Entre os dois gêneros de objetos opostos (o ser e o não-ser), Platão evoca gêneros intermediários, segundo um esquema linear que oferece uma representação dos quatro modos de conhecimento que correspondem aos quatro gêneros de objetos suscetíveis de afetar a alma que os conhece. O gênero de objetos de corpos naturais ou técnicos são conhecidos pela crença ou convicção (pistis). (Luc Brisson  )


It remains, then, to see if phantasia is opinion (doxa), for opinion is true or false. But conviction (pistis) accompanies opinion, for it is not possible for someone with an opinion on something not to have conviction about it. Among wild animals, however, none have conviction, but many have phantasia. Again, conviction accompanies all opinion, being persuaded accompanies conviction, and reason (logos) accompanies persuasion (peitho). Among wild animals, however, some have phantasia, but not reason. [Aristotle   DA 3.3, 428a18-24; SorabjiPC1  :61]
For conviction (pistis) is always a consequence (hepesthai) of the latter [opinion], for a person who has an opinion (doxa) about something always assents (sunkatatithesthai) to its being so as well. For opinion about something is an assent by that person to its being so, and assent is accompanied by conviction (pistis), since opinion is rational assent accompanied by judgement (krisis). But not every case of being appeared to (phantasia) is accompanied by conviction. For there are many non-rational animals, at any rate, who have [the ability to] be appeared to, but not conviction; but if they do not have conviction, then they do not have assent accompanied by judgement either. Furthermore, every opinion involves [61] composition — for it is either affirmative or negative — while not every case of being appeared to is such. For this reason, what is true and [what is] false are not similar in both cases, just as they are not in perception and opinion either. [Alexander DA 67,15-23; SorabjiPC1  :61-62]
LÉXICO: PISTIS; ; convicção