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Abhinavagupta: Commentary on the Bhagavad-Gita

domingo 22 de abril de 2018

Abhinavagupta   in his commentary Gītārthasahgraha sums up what he thinks is the meaning? of the Gītā. According to him, the Mahābhārata shows that the principal Value? (pradhāna-phala) is liberation, which is well-nurtured (pariposita) by others like virtue (or righteousness). Liberation is the dissolution flaya) of oneself in the Supreme? Blissful Lord, Who by his very nature? is auspicious, omniscient and omnipotent, and not different from anything. Liberation is nothing? but the recognition? of one’s non-difference (abheda) with the Lord through the contemplation of His oneness?. While in other contexts also the Mahābhārata explains what liberation is, the Gīta, he declares, is the text where its nature is very well explained. (See intro, verses 1 to 4, Gītārthasahgraha). He ends his commentary thus: One attains Vișnu? (the Omnipresent?) beyond all alternatives (vikalpātiga) through clear awareness? (vibodha) of one’s own self?; thereafter, while the sense organs? function? due to their own momentum, whatever one does spontaneously (helātah) [1] makes him attain Sankara   (the Beneficent, the cause? of prosperity). (’See Sangraha-śloka at the end? of chapter xviii).

In his introduction Abhinavagupta   indicates the purport of the Gītā thus : While knowledge? is what is important, actions? should not be abandoned. Performance of actions, while based on knowledge, does not bind. While knowledge is the main thing? and knowledge and action are not equally important, the latter is inevitably connected with the former as both together constitute consciousness. (from the Preface)


[1Helā — unrestrained behaviour, ease. Helayā — with ease, without trouble (Macdonell’s A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary).