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sujeito

domingo 17 de outubro de 2021

      

The most impressive single piece of argumentation in this part (to my mind  ) is the very modern-sounding debate   on commitment to the existence of the subject in singular and general statements. The Stoics, to the subsequent dismay of the Neoplatonists, denied that a general term like ‘Man’ in the subject position implied the existence of a Platonic Form, or of anything else. They analysed ‘Man is a rational animal  ’ as meaning merely, ‘If anything is a man, it is a rational animal’. Alexander replied, on behalf of the Aristotelians, that the Stoics should have given the same treatment to singular terms in the subject position, since ‘Socrates  ’ in ‘Socrates is dead’ can hardly be taken to imply his existence. The rival analyses of such singular statements are in the highest degree impressive. [SorabjiPC3  :27]


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HEIDEGGER  : Subjekt / sujeito / sujet / subjetivo / subject / Subjektivität / subjetividade / subjectivité / subjectivity / Subjektität / subjectness / subiectity / Subjekt-Objekt-Beziehung / rapport sujet-objet / relação sujeito-objeto / subject-object-relation / relación-sujeto-objeto / Subjektivierung / subjectivisation / subjetivação / subjetivização / subjectivizing / Gegenstand / Gegen-stand / Objekt / obiectum / objeto / objet / object / Gegenständlichkeit / objectivité / objetividade / objetividad / Gegenstandsbezirke / área objectual / Objektivierung / objectivation / objetivação / Objektiv / Objektivität / objective / objectively / objectivity / Vergegenständlichung / objectivation / objetivação / objectification