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bios

domingo 17 de outubro de 2021

O outro termo para “vida” em grego, bios (no sentido, que aqui interessa, de forma de vida ou de vida humana qualificada) aparece 35 vezes em Corpus, sobretudo no célebre incipit, de Aforismos: Ho bios brachys, he de techne makrè [a vida é curta, a arte é longa]. Confirmando a falta de tecnicização do conceito “vida” no âmbito médico, os textos de Corpus mostram, com relação àqueles literários e filosóficos, certa indeterminação da oposição zoe/bios (cf.,por exemplo, Flat., 4). [AGAMBEN  , Giorgio. O Uso dos Corpos. Homo Sacer IV,2  . São Paulo  , Boitempo, 2017, p. 222]


Βίος: a new concept of “life,” and not the same as ζωή. Modern biology does not have the Greek βίος in mind. Βίος is the “tending of life,” “course of life,” the specific temporality of a life from birth to death, “the run of one’s life,” so that βίος also means “life-account.” The how of a ζωή is the βίος, history of a life. What life makes of itself is drawn from the concerns in the vicissitudes of life, and this conception of life, drawn from the concerns in a determinate tending of life, is at the same time περὶ τῶν πράξεων, interpretation of the concerns themselves from which it is drawn. That is the methodological clue that Aristotle   takes from the consideration of the βίοι, in order to see, on the basis of this consideration, what life has grasped as τέλος καθ᾿ αὑτó itself. He lays out three such βίοι:

1. βίος ἀπολαυστικóς, “the life of pleasure, enjoyment”

2. βίος πολιτικóς, the mode of experiencing life that arises in the concern within concrete being-there

3. βίος θεωρητικóς, the mode of being-there that is characterized by contemplation [Heidegger  , GA18  :74]


LÉXICO: BIOS