Página inicial > Glossário > purificação


segunda-feira 14 de fevereiro de 2022

gr. κάθαρσις, kathársis: purgação, purificação. De καθαρός, katharós: puro. katharotes = pureza. A katharsis é o método progressivo de desapego dos sentidos para viver segundo o pensamento.

The idea of catharsis, that arousing emotion can lighten it by means at which Aristotle   only hints, constitutes Aristotle  ’s answer to Plato  ’s view that poets must be banned from the ideal community, because they arouse undesirable emotions. The passage quoted above from Iamblichus   Myst. 1.11 is the fullest surviving reference to Aristotle  ’s theory of catharsis since his death six centuries earlier. There are fragmentary references among Epicureans by Philodemus. Among Stoics, Seneca On Anger 2.1-4 may implicitly rule out the theory (so Sorabji  , Emotion and Peace of Mind) by denying that the theatre arouses genuine emotion, but it is less clear if Diogenes of Babylon discussed the theory. The neo-Pythagorean Tablet of Cebes does and so does the Middle Platonist Plutarch  .

Despite Iamblichus  ’ revival of the theory, Proclus   justifies Plato  ’s banning of poets from the ideal community, by denying that the theatre could have the cathartic effect Aristotle   claims, since it arouses emotions immoderately. [SorabjiPC1  :299]

Simplicius   explains the existence of evils inter alia by saying that people are allowed by God to indulge in pleasures until they reach satiety (koros) and vomit. This is a kind of catharsis which heals them. Here catharsis and aversion therapy, which Iamblichus   Myst. 1.11 treated as alternatives, are combined.

Olympiodorus  ’ classification of kinds of catharsis associates the kind which secures relief by indulging a little in the manner of medical practice, not with Aristotle  , but with Pythagoras  . Pythagoras  ’ cathartic use of music had been described by Iamblichus  . Aristotle   is now associated instead, on the basis of his remarks on anger and pleasure, pity and fear, in Rhetoric 2.3, 1380b2; 2.8, 1386a23, instead of his Poetics, with the Stoics and with a kind of catharsis that brings opposites into confrontation. [SorabjiPC1  :300]

LÉXICO: purificação; purismo; puro; katharsis