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akinetos

domingo 17 de outubro de 2021

gr. ἀκίνητος, akínetos, akinetos, imóvel. De kinô, eu movo, com a privativo. O termo está em Filolau: "o Uno é eternamente imóvel" (em Fílon de Alexandria, Criação do mundo, 23); em Platão  , o Ser é ao mesmo tempo imóvel e móvel (Sofista  , 249d); em Aristóteles  : o primeiro Motor é imóvel (Fís., VIII, 5). [Gobry  ]


ἀκίνητος, « immobile », à propos des puissances (dunameis) de l’âme (Tratado 53   6, 3) (cf. 41). [Aubry  ]
It was Aristotle  , not Plato  , who urged immobility.

Plato   describes the soul as self-moving, Phaedrus   245C-246A; Laws   894D-896B. Moreover, we have seen in 6(a) that despite the imperceptibility of soul, its movements are described as spatial movements, Timaeus   36C-D; 40A; 41D-42A; 43A-44B; 44D; 91E-92A; Laws   790D-791B. Some of these passages have been translated there.

Aristotle  , though toying with the idea of self-movement, rules it out as not literally possible. A self-mover must split into a part that is moved and a part that is an unmoved mover, Phys. 8.5, 256b13-257b14. The ultimate unmoved mover turns out to be God. Simplicius  , in Phys. 1220,29-36, following Eudemus, takes the discussion of a self-mover to be merely a concession to his predecessors. [SorabjiPC1  :217]


LÉXICO: AKINETOS