Evangelho de Tomé - Logion 7
quarta-feira 20 de julho de 2022
JESUS HA DICHO: FELIZ ES EL LEON QUE AL HOMBRE DEVORA, PUES EL LEON SE CONVERTIRA EN HOMBRE Y MANCHADO QUEDA EL HOMBRE AL QUE EL LEON DEVORA Y DEJA QUE SE CONVIERTA EN HOMBRE.
Jésus a dit : Heureux est le lion que l’homme mangera, et le lion deviendra homme; et maudit est l’homme que le lion mangera, et le lion deviendra homme .
Jésus a dit : heureux est le lion que l’homme mangera, et le lion deviendra homme, et souillé est l’homme que le lion mangera, et le lion deviendra homme.
Jesus said, "Blessed is the lion which becomes man when consumed by man; and cursed is the man whom the lion consumes, and the lion becomes man."
Blessed is the lion that the human will eat so that the lion becomes human. And cursed is the human whom the lion will eat, and the lion will become human.
JESUS said, “Blessed is the lion that the human being will devour so that the lion becomes human. «And cursed is the human being that the lion devours; and the lion will become human.”
As Dieter Lührmann has shown, Didymus the Blind was familiar with a saying similar to the one we have in Gos. Thom. 7. Below is the relevant section from his commentary on Ps 43/44:12. The Greek words in bold face indicate the vocabulary of the lion saying disseminated throughout the passage. The italicized clauses demonstrate that Didymus’ version of the saying employs a chiastic structure:
Therefore, if the man that preserves what is according to God ’s image and [likeness, having become a teacher like Jesus], eats a wild man by means of education [and consumes him insofar as he is a lion, this one who was eaten] by the teacher and became his food will not be a lion. Therefore, he is blessed and he is being blessed not because he is a lion, but because he became a man. But if a reasonable man who was led by reason was eaten by some savage-hearted wild man or by an evil force, he becomes a lion and such a man is wretched. For “Woe to the man whom a lion will eat.”
Even though Didymus quotes only one verse of the saying and paraphrases the rest, we can still easily see that it has almost the same structure as Gos. Thom. 7. The following table contrasts Didymus’ version of the saying with Didymus’ interpretation of it:
The lion saying according Didymus Didymus’ exegesis of the lion sayingBlessed is the lionWhom a man will eatAnd the lion will become a man.And wretched is the manWhom a lion will eatAnd the man will become a lion.Blessed is the wild manWhose teacher is a reasonable manFor he is no longer wild.And wretched is the reasonable manWhose teacher is a wild manFor he is no longer reasonable.
The only major difference between the two versions of the saying (viz., that in the nhc 11 and that in Didymus) is that, according to Didymus, the man who is eaten by the lion becomes a lion.12 How, then, did this discrepancy come about?
Ver online : Evangelho de Tomé
 sic : lire sans doute « l’homme deviendra lion ».
 Or “foul.”
 Here the lion seems to symbolize what is passionate and bestial in human experience. A person may consume the lion or be consumed by it. Cf. Plato Republic 588e–589b.