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Izutsu (SOP1:80-81) – o si absoluto

domingo 12 de janeiro de 2020

    

Lin Chi’s thought is characteristically Chinese in that it puts Man at the very center of a whole world-view, and that, further, his conception of Man is extremely realistic to the extent of being almost pragmatic. It is pragmatic in the sense   that it always pictures Man as the most concrete individual who exists at this very place and at this very moment, eating, drinking, sitting and walking around, or even “attending to his natural wants.” “O Brethren in the Way,” he says in one of his discourses, “you must know that there is in the reality of Buddhism   nothing extraordinary for you to perform. You just live as usual without ever trying to do anything particular, attending to your natural wants, putting on clothes, eating meals, and lying down if you feel tired. Let the ignorant people laugh at me. The wise men know what I mean to say.” [1]

This pragmatic Man, however, is not at all an ordinary “man” as we represent him at the level of common-sense thinking, for he is a Man who has come back to this world of phenomena from the dimension of absolute Reality. His is a two-dimensional personality. He, as a most concrete individual, living among the concretely existent things, does embody something supra-individual. He is an individual who is a supra-individual — two persons fused into a perfect unity of one single person. “Do you want to know who is our (spiritual) ancestor, Buddha (i.e., the Absolute)? He is no other than yourself who are here and now listening to my discourse!” (Lin Chi) [2] The world-view [80] presented by Lin Chi is a very peculiar   view of the world as seen through the eyes of such a two-dimensional person. But in order to have a real   understanding of the nature of this kind of world-view, we must go back to our starting-point and try to analyze the whole problem in a more theoretical way In so doing, our emphasis will be laid on two cardinal points: (1) the epistemological structure of the process by which such a double-natured person comes into being, and (2) the metaphysical structure of the world as it appears to his eyes.


[1Lin Chi Lu, 36, p. 60.

[2Ibid., 28, p. 40.