PhiloSophia

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Accueil > Oriente > Dyczkowski : The Philosophy of Recognition

Dyczkowski : The Philosophy of Recognition

vendredi 9 mars 2018

The Pratyabhijnā [The Philosophy of Recognition] represents the fullest expression of Śaiva monism, systematically worked out into a rational theology of Śiva and philosophy of absolute? consciousness with which He is identified. The Pratyabhijnā takes its name from the Stanzas on the Recognition of God (Īśvarapratyabhijnākārikā) written by Utpaladeva? towards the beginning of the tenth century. Utpaladeva understood the ultimate experience of enlightenment to consist essentially of a profound and irreversible recognition that one’s own authentic identity is Śiva Himself. According to him :

The man? blinded by ignorance? (Maya?) and bound by his actions (karma) is fettered to the round of birth and death, but when knowledge? inspires the recognition of his divine sovereignty and power (aīśvarya) he, full of consciousness alone, is a liberated soul.

According to Utpaladeva, the soul is bound because he has forgotten his authentic identity and can only achieve liberation, the ultimate goal of life, by recognising his true universal nature?. Realising that everything is a part of himself, extending his being in wonderfully diverse forms, the fettered soul achieves this recognition and with it the [18] conviction that he is not a slave of creation (paśu) but its master (pati). In this way he who thought himself weak discovers his spiritual might. Failing to recognise his identity with Śiva, the one reality Who is the life and Being of every existing thing, the soul perceives only their individual identity and thus severs them from one another and from himself. For this reason he is seemingly sullied by his actions and afflicted by the myriad conditions that stand as obstacles to the realisation of his goals. Yearning for liberation, he is like a young woman betrothed by arrangement to a handsome man. Hearing of his many fine qualities she comes to love him even though she has never seen him. One day they chance to meet but she remains indifferent to him until she notices that he possesses the qualities of the man she is to marry and so, to her great delight, she recognises him. Similarly, just as man and wife become one in spirit, so the fettered soul becomes one with Śiva by recognising his identity with him, and is liberated.


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